KLR Deodorant Original

Product Background:  


In ancient Rome, Pliny the elder, a personal friend of the emperor Vespasian (he who followed Nero, built the great Colosseum, father of Titus), was the first in Western civilization to describe the use of natural alum as a deodorant.  Alum was also used in ancient times as a Thai method for controlling body odor.  Although this knowledge was know to certain cultures in antiquity, for most of history both before Imperial Rome and after its fall humans lived without any means of controlling body aromas.  And given that from the Roman Empire right up until the 20th century frequent bathing meant washing once every week or two, it takes little imagination to grasp the strong fragrances that accompanied the pre-modern era.  Some wealthy individuals tried to cover their tracks with perfumes, but of course this only intensified the smell.  This changed in western societies when an inventor in Philadelphia patented a zinc compound in 1888 that was rubbed on as a cream to quell body odor.  The first commercial brand name of this kind of deodorant product was called Mum.  The company that produced this product was purchased by Bristol-Myers Company in 1931.  The use of deodorants as mainstream personal care products exploded from the 1920s onward, probably due in large part to mass advertising.  In the late 1940s one of Bristol-Myers' employees, Helen Barnett Diserens developed an underarm applicator based on the ballpoint pen, and Ban Roll-On hit the markets in 1952.  Deodorant sales continued to explode and by the mid-1950s not only women but also 50% of men were using them!  The first anti-perspirant, Everdry, was developed in 1903.  Modern anti-perspirant formulations are based upon a patent in 1941 by Jules Montenier for an aluminum chloride compound that was less acidic and irritating to skin.  Aerosols came along in the 1960s.  Due to safety considerations the active ingredients in aerosols were banned by the FDA in 1977, and stick deodorants started their rise in popularity.  Now (40 years later) we have the first new applicator for deodorants in the 21st century.
 
Human perspiration is generally odorless until it is fermented by skin bacteria that thrive in warm and moist areas.  Sweat glands provide moisture and that perspiration has a very important cooling effect on human skin.  Washing skin with an alkaline pH soap disrupts the acid pH balance of normal skin and allows bacteria to colonize this environment.  Bacteria thrive on the sweat, dead skin and hair cells, releasing trans-3-methyl-2-hexenoic acid, the primary cause of body odor. 
 
Deodorants are classified and regulated by the US FDA as cosmetics and are designed to eliminate odor.  They mostly act by killing bacteria.  Some contain perfume or natural oils to mask perspiration odor. 
 
Antiperspirants and deodorants combined with antiperspirants are classified and regulated by the US FDA as drugs.  Antiperspirants attempt to stop or reduce perspiration by blocking sweat ducts.  Most antiperspirants are aluminum-containing or zirconium compounds that complex with the natural salts in perspiration to form gels that block sweat gland ducts.  Aluminum salts also have a slight astringent effect on sweat gland ducts that cause them to contract which reduces the amount of sweat that reaches the skin surface.  Aluminum-containing antiperspirants fell under scrutiny some years ago because of sensationalist articles linking them with Alzheimer’s disease and breast cancer in women.  However, investigations have subsequently failed to establish any clear link between using these antiperspirants and those illnesses, even after very careful review.
 
KLR Deodorant's active ingredient is potassium alum - a traditional mineral salt that works very effectively as a deodorant.   We added propylene glycol, an organic compound in the alcohol family, to help solubilize potassium alum and create that silky feel during application.  (The FDA has categorized propylene glycol as a food additive "generally recognized as safe").  Added to that is a stabilizer and wetting agent- polysorbate-20, DMDM hydantoid (antibacterial) and iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (fungicide and preservative).  The result is a great product you can rely on.